Dear Colleague Letter on Retaliation Guidance
Office for Civil Rights (OCR), 2013
In April 2013, the U.S. Department of Education’s Office for Civil Rights (OCR) issued guidance to remind federally funded education institutions that retaliation is a violation of federal law. Under federal civil rights laws, including Title IX, it is illegal for a school to retaliate against an individual for speaking out against possible civil rights problems at the school. The prohibition against retaliation means that if a student, parent, teacher, professor, coach, or other individual complains formally or informally to a school about a potential civil rights violation, such as failure to address sexual violence, or participates in an OCR or school investigation or proceeding, the school is prohibited from retaliating against the individual because of their complaint or participation.